Tree pruning is a vital and often neglected part of the process of tree care. Pruning branches at the base can greatly improve the overall health of the entire tree, and can even help to deter insects that would otherwise destroy the tree. Tree pruning can be done by professional tree surgeons, landscape contractors, or individuals with a moderate to experienced hand. Regardless of who is doing the pruning, it is important to remember not to cut too far above the branch, as this will cause the tree to break off at the branch.
There are many different types of tree pruning techniques, each suited for different species of trees and different pruning styles. However, there are a few general principles that remain useful regardless of which type of tree pruning is being performed. Tree pruning is often done in preparation for winter care, when winter hardiness requirements can be increased for specific trees. Winter hardiness requirements vary widely between different tree species. Therefore, it is important to know the specific needs of your particular tree so you can ensure it will be able to withstand the winter months.
One of the most common tree pruning techniques involves removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches while leaving the live or growing branches intact. Removing dead and damaged branches in preparation for thinning out weak areas is an effective technique that helps to improve tree health. In some cases, however, removing too many branches can make the tree feel too upright, causing it to become susceptible to damage from wind and precipitation. Therefore, thinning branches in preparation for winter care is often best left up to trained arborists or other experienced professionals.